Brick dimensions: What is the standard brick size in Australia?

What is the standard brick size in Australia?

Australian brick sizes vary by type. The most common brick type is an ordinary fired clay brick, making the standard Australian brick size 76mm high x 230mm long x 110mm wide. Facing bricks also generally have the same dimensions as other common clay bricks. 2 course stones are longer, taller and narrower than the standard.

Due to individual manufacturing influences, there may be deviations in the brick size; This is common and generally unnoticeable. A brick’s deviation from the standard is measured by its dimensional quality level – category DW1 means that the height and width of a brick differs from the standard by less than 50mm, DW2 means that the height and width differ by less than 40mm and DWO refers to Brick types without standard dimensions (e.g. rammed earth).

Brick piles laid mud bricks

How much does a brick weigh?

A standard sized clay tile should weigh just under 2 ½ kg. This is of course subject to variation by type, manufacturing process and materials, and most bricks vary in increments in weight.

variation in size

Hand-laid brick building made of mud bricks

The main reason for size differences is the composition of the brick. For each brick type, the standard size is one that maximizes efficiency while ensuring it retains its structural integrity. Part of the reason that facing bricks are among the smaller sizes is that they are designed to fit comfortably in one hand for ease of laying. However, this varies greatly from country to country.

Standard Brick width x height x length (by country)

America – 92mm x 57mm x 193mm

UK – 101mm x 63mm x 215mm

Australia – 110mm x 76mm x 230mm

India – 114mm x 63mm x 228mm

On average, standard sizes are cheaper than custom-sized bricks. Typically, a standard brick is inexpensive, selling for around $0.35 to $0.90 per brick. On average, a common fired clay tile costs around $560 per 1000 in Melbourne, $650 in Sydney, $730 in Brisbane, $814 in Perth and $799 in Adelaide (normal common clay tile). For a facing brick, the price increases by about $200 per thousand, although the average cost of facing bricks in Melbourne is only $690 while in Adelaide prices rise to $1,162.

Brick pile Clay brick size usual

Australian table showing the most common brick dimensions

brick type

length (mm)

width (mm)

height (mm)

Ordinary fired clay

230

110

76

Face Brick

230

110

76

Dual Course Stones

290

90

162

sand-lime brick

228

127

101

pavers

215

102

102

standard brick dim.

brick dimensions

1. Ordinary fired mudbrick

Visible brick wall adobe internalThese are the most commonly used bricks in the industry. They are made simply by pressing raw clay into a steel mold, drying it, and then kiln firing it. They are most commonly used in structural components of buildings – typically homes – such as foundations, columns and masonry. When integrated into external walls, these must be plastered and plastered. These bricks are used for more general and hidden purposes as they have limited aesthetic appeal. Traditional fired clay bricks are among the cheapest bricks and their dimensions are the industry standard brick size (76mm high x 230mm long x 110mm wide).

2. Facing brick

Face Brick External Brick Stylish

Facing bricks are bricks designed to be viewed and/or exposed to the elements. In order to fulfill this purpose, they are usually more attractive in composition, color and shape (usually with less variation than ordinary clay bricks) and are protected against the elements. Facing bricks are typically used on the exterior walls of a project, or occasionally on interior exposed brick walls. Almost all facing bricks are only treated/textured on the visible side. They are more expensive than ordinary fired clay bricks, although the price depends on the specifics of the local supply. Facing bricks share the standard dimensions with ordinary fired clay bricks at 76mm high x 230mm long x 110mm wide.

3. Two-layer stones

Double Course Bricks External two course

Two-layer bricks – also called “double bricks” – are twice as high as a standard brick and slightly longer. This makes them a less expensive alternative to standard size bricks as they are quicker to lay and require less fabrication time and less labor. Two-ply bricks are generally used as a feature for exterior walls, although they can be made from many types of brick (e.g. a two-ply facing brick or a two-ply ordinary clay brick) and can therefore serve multiple purposes. Their standard dimensions are: 290mm length x 90mm width x 162mm height.

4. Sand-lime bricks

Sand-lime brick colorful pink yellow grey

Sand-lime brick is an alternative to concrete blocks. They are cured in the autoclave and categorized according to their weather resistance (MW – Moderate Weathering, SW – Severe Weathering). Sand-lime bricks have a certain aesthetic quality as they are smoother and can be colored easily. Furthermore, sand-lime brick does not have to be plastered and is fire-resistant. Sand-lime bricks are cheaper to produce than high-intensity firing of clay bricks, meaning sand-lime bricks can be a more cost-effective alternative to traditional bricks. They do not do well for foundation structures as they are prone to water damage. Sand-lime brick is best suited for exterior walls, such as facing bricks. Its dimensions are slightly larger than the standard at 228mm (length) x 127mm (width) x 101mm (height).

5. Pavers

Paving clinker garden path Sophisticated

Unlike most bricks, pavers are strong and can be laid flat (they cannot be used for vertical construction). They are excellent for building garden paths, roads, yards, etc. They are expensive compared to other types of paving (e.g. concrete) as their manufacturing process is the same as that of standard bricks. Pavers are durable, easy to repair and recycle, and have the external aesthetics of facing bricks. Their standard size is 215 mm (length) x 102 (width) x 102 (height).

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